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Gobi Desert



THE 650,000-square-mi (1,600,000-square-km) Gobi is the largest desert in CHINA and MONGOLIA; both the Taklamakan Desert (in XINJIANG) and the Changtang Desert (in TIBET and Qinghai) are only half the size.
Only the SAHARA is bigger than the Gobi among the world's deserts.
The Gobi separates the Republic of Mongolia from the province of Inner Mongolia in the People's Republic of China (PRC).
In Mongolia, the Gobi occupies all the southern districts (aimak) of the country: eastern Gobi, central Gobi, southern Gobi, Baian Khongor, and Gobi Altai.
In China, the Gobi Desert extends from Manchuria to Gansu and Xinjiang.
It consists of several plateaus: Hulun Buir, Xilin Gol, and Ulanqab in the east and the Alashan plateau in the west of Inner Mongolia.
The Yinshan Mountains and the Hexi corridor form the southern edge of the Gobi Desert.
Athough vast, the Gobi peneplain is neither the driest nor the warmest desert in western China.
The Siberian high-pressure system keeps the Gobi dry and very cold in winter; in summer, the monsoon winds bring a few inches of precipitation to the region.
The meager vegetation and the brief growing season account for the barren appearance of the Gobi.
Topographical profiles of Inner Mongolia display a succession of denuded hills covered with gobi pebbles and basins covered with sandy gobi gravel.
Gobi or govi usually means "desert" in Mongol, although an absolute desert would be called tjall or "waste." Gobi designates also the winderoded small basins that are scattered in the desert.
Chinese geographers establish a difference between sandy desert (shamo) and gravel desert (gobi).
They call gobi the gray surface of hard pebbles that covers dilluvial plains.
Sand dunes are indeed rare in the Gobi Desert.
FORMIDABLE PROTECTION The Gobi enjoyed a semitropical climate during the Cretaceous period (145 to 160 million years ago).
The paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews organized, in the 1920s, the Central Asiatic expeditions of the American Museum of Natural History.
He discovered rich repositories of dinosaur fossils in what is now a forbidding desert, with badlands and salt flats.
The two characters in Chinese to transcribe Gobi are ge, "halberd," and bi, "wall." Combined, they suggest that this type of desert constitutes either a dangerous obstacle or a formidable protection.
No major road crosses the Gobi Desert except for the imperial highway from Kalgan (Zhangjiakou) to Ulaanbator and the much more recent Transmongolian railway that links Beijing and Ulaanbator via Baotou.
The Gobi plays today an unexpected role in space-based international communications as the launch site for Chinese Long March rockets; the Jiuquan launch site lies in the western Gobi Desert (Gansu province).

Gobi Desert Images


Last News

- The British avoid visiting Islamic countries
"The research has revealed that 75% of British citizens are not eager to go on vacation to any Islamic countries due to the possible terror acts.
It is reported that Canary Islands and North Africa were always the most visited places by the British. However, following the terror acts in Tunis only one British out of four would prefer to go there. 54% of the surveyed stated that safety should be in the first place when traveling and 33% said that doubt about traveling to the countries which are considered to be dangerous for tourists. That is why in the upcoming winter season the British will likely go to Western European countries and the USA rather than visiting Tunis, Morocco, Egypt, Greece and Thailand. "

- Some tourists will be banned to visit “The Forbidden City” in Beijing
"Chinese management of the site blacklisted some tourists.
The blacklist counts around 2500 people, who could have ever visited the UNESCO site and behaved discourteously. Those who scratched their names or did other signs on the walls and sculptures of the ancient construction, littered or entered the palace using a fake ticket will no longer be able to visit The Forbidden City for at least three years.
As reported, such a practice did a good result that is why the site management plans to keep implementing this kind of sanction. And those people who are re-selling the tickets will be punished as well.
Such an unsuitable conduct of the tourists is not uncommon in China. Earlier it was mentioned that, despite the ban, the tourists who arrived to Shaanxi province keep touching the breast of the bare-waist deep statue of Yang Guifei. "