THE 650,000-square-mi (1,600,000-square-km) Gobi is the largest desert in CHINA and MONGOLIA; both the Taklamakan Desert (in XINJIANG) and the Changtang Desert (in TIBET and Qinghai) are only half the size.
Only the SAHARA is bigger than the Gobi among the world's deserts.
The Gobi separates the Republic of Mongolia from the province of Inner Mongolia in the People's Republic of China (PRC).
In Mongolia, the Gobi occupies all the southern districts (aimak) of the country: eastern Gobi, central Gobi, southern Gobi, Baian Khongor, and Gobi Altai.
In China, the Gobi Desert extends from Manchuria to Gansu and Xinjiang.
It consists of several plateaus: Hulun Buir, Xilin Gol, and Ulanqab in the east and the Alashan plateau in the west of Inner Mongolia.
The Yinshan Mountains and the Hexi corridor form the southern edge of the Gobi Desert.
Athough vast, the Gobi peneplain is neither the driest nor the warmest desert in western China.
The Siberian high-pressure system keeps the Gobi dry and very cold in winter; in summer, the monsoon winds bring a few inches of precipitation to the region.
The meager vegetation and the brief growing season account for the barren appearance of the Gobi.
Topographical profiles of Inner Mongolia display a succession of denuded hills covered with gobi pebbles and basins covered with sandy gobi gravel.
Gobi or govi usually means "desert" in Mongol, although an absolute desert would be called tjall or "waste." Gobi designates also the winderoded small basins that are scattered in the desert.
Chinese geographers establish a difference between sandy desert (shamo) and gravel desert (gobi).
They call gobi the gray surface of hard pebbles that covers dilluvial plains.
Sand dunes are indeed rare in the Gobi Desert.
FORMIDABLE PROTECTION The Gobi enjoyed a semitropical climate during the Cretaceous period (145 to 160 million years ago).
The paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews organized, in the 1920s, the Central Asiatic expeditions of the American Museum of Natural History.
He discovered rich repositories of dinosaur fossils in what is now a forbidding desert, with badlands and salt flats.
The two characters in Chinese to transcribe Gobi are ge, "halberd," and bi, "wall." Combined, they suggest that this type of desert constitutes either a dangerous obstacle or a formidable protection.
No major road crosses the Gobi Desert except for the imperial highway from Kalgan (Zhangjiakou) to Ulaanbator and the much more recent Transmongolian railway that links Beijing and Ulaanbator via Baotou.
The Gobi plays today an unexpected role in space-based international communications as the launch site for Chinese Long March rockets; the Jiuquan launch site lies in the western Gobi Desert (Gansu province).
- A new camera came out that allows you to make unique photos
"This technical sensation gets its owner to make “not simple” photos.
Germany has developed an interesting type of camera. When running GPS it founds itself on the map and searches for the photographs on the web, which are linked to the geolocation and which are made at a distance of 30-35 m away from the camera. If it gives you out more than thirty five searches the camera will fail when the shutter button is pressed and no snapshot will be made. This smart device can only count the number of pictures shot at one place so far without taking into account its content. However, it is believed that this drawback is to be solved soon. It’s likely that in the nearest future a specially designed app for smartphones is to come out with the same functional features.
Device developers say that using this camera they want to teach tourists how to make real and original shots and at the same time clear the internet from the identical photographs. "
- Is it possible to go on vacation to Turkey following the shocks
"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs denies the information that recently emerged saying that the Ministry is planning to ban Russians to enter the country.
There were two explosions that took place in Ankara during the meeting for peace between the Turkish authorities and Kurdistan Workers Party. The terrorist attack claimed the lives of 95 people and 250 people got injured.
Following the attack national media channels have reported that the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs started elaborating recommendations for the Russians not to visit the country which has experienced the terror attacks.
However, on Sunday the rumors were denied by the media saying that this information is found to be untrue.
Experts believe that such decision is justified. Terror attacks took place in the Turkish capital, which is seldom visited by Russians or is not visited at all. Our citizens more often spend their holidays at the Mediterranean Sea resorts or in Istanbul, which are far away from Ankara. "