GIBRALTAR IS AN overseas territory of the UNITED KINGDOM.
Historically known as one of the Pillars of Hercules, the Rock of Gibraltar has guarded the entrance to the Mediterranean world since the beginning of Western civilization.
Held by Great Britain since 1704 (formally since 1713), the peninsula remains one of Britain's last overseas territories, with little indication of change in the near future, despite intense pressure by the Spanish government.
The Rock is situated at the end of a peninsula, 2.8 mi (4.4 km) in length, that juts out into the Alboran Sea (the westernmost extension of the MEDITERRANEAN SEA), terminating in Europa Point.
The other "pillar," Cape Ceuta (or Punta Almina), lies 9 mi (14.5 km) across the Strait of Gibraltar, on the north coast of Africa.
To the west are the more protected waters of the Bay of Algeciras, and the man-made Gibraltar Harbor, around which rises the military and administrative community of the colony.
The eastern face of the rock is much more perpendicular, as are the northern and southern approaches, underlining the defensive importance of the rock, which itself is composed of dense limestone arranged in thick rock beds.
Gibraltar is connected to the mainland of Spain by a narrow isthmus, low and sandy, across which daily migrants travel from the nearby Spanish town of La Linea.
The Rock has been extensively fortified and modified over the centuries, with about 10 mi (16 km) of tunnels, casements for heavy artillery (especially during World War II), a canal cut across the isthmus, and even a narrow landing strip jutting into the Bay of Algeciras on the western side of the peninsula.
The naval harbor and dockyard has recently been expanded with a land reclamation project called the Europort, increasing Gibraltar's total land area by 10 percent.
Having no flat land of any consequence, Gibraltar must import all of its food needs.
The colony's economy depends instead on tourism, offshore banking and finance, and industries related to shipping.
HISTORY OF THE ROCK The Rock received its present name from Arab conquerors in the 8th century, who named it the Rock of Tariq (gebel al Tariq), after one of their generals, Tariq ibn-Ziyad.
It was taken by Spanish forces of the Reconquista in 1462 and fortified by Carlos I (Emperor Charles V) using the most advanced German engineers.
Occupied by a combined Anglo-Dutch naval force in 1704, during the War of Spanish Succession, Gibraltar was formally ceded to Britain in 1713.
Britain maintained its garrison throughout the 18th century, despite repeated Spanish attacks, notably the famous four-year siege during the American Revolutionary War, and Gibraltar was formally declared a crown colony in 1830.
Despite attacks from the air by both German and Italian airplanes in World War II, General Dwight Eisenhower kept his headquarters there during the Allied invasion of North Africa.
A referendum in 1967 left no doubt that the colony's residents wished to remain British subjects, as a fully self-governing dependent territory.
A scheme for "total shared sovereignty" proposed by the Spanish government received a similar overwhelming "no" in a vote held in 2002.
- Spain is inviting to go shopping to the “unexplored” cities
"By 2019 the country is planning to increase their income up to 5 billion euro from selling goods and services to the tourists.
Spain is quite a hyped up place where one can go shopping. Still, the country’s annual profit reaches 1.6 billion euro from holidaymakers. Madrid and Barcelona are considered to be highly-visited touristic cities, which is about 37-47% of tourist-shoppers accordingly. The rest is dispersed among the other cities in Spain.
However, the local authorities are not so satisfied with such a situation. They intend to build up the population settlements with shopping streets which were before unknown to the foreign shoppers. It is said that in the near future the experienced tourists will realize the shopping capabilities of the country, besides the two most attractive cities, Madrid and Barcelona. "
- Tourists from Germany and Poland have stolen a gondola
"Two tourists from Germany and Poland “have borrowed” a gondola while its owner was absent and started their romantic cruise along the Venetian canals. They didn’t manage to go far away as the police arrested them. And now the tourists are facing a sentence: they have already been charged for stealing and creating a hazardous situation on the traffic artery of the city.
The angry owner of the gondola adds more fuel to the fire. Despite the fact that his vessel is undamaged he is on the point of applying to court for compensation for moral damage. He actually may be understood as the price for the cheapest gondola equals to the price for the premium class car. "