Introduction of Fukuoka
City in N Kyushu, Japan, on Hakata Bay. Kyushu’s largest city commercial and cultural center, it has been an important port since ancient times, and one of Japan’s chief sources of contact with China and Korea. Fukuoka was the site of two attempted Mongol invasions, in a.d. 1274 and 1281, that were repulsed with heavy fighting. The city was severely bombed in World War II. The city was damaged by an earthquake on March 20, 2005, on a previously unknown faultline.