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Fiji



Map Page 1128 Area 6,767 square mi (18,270 square km) Population 868,531 Capital Suva Highest Point Tomanivi 4,343 ft (1,324 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $5,600 Primary Natural Resources timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil.
THE REPUBLIC OF the Fiji Islands, a part of Oceania, is an archipelago in the South PACIFIC OCEAN, about one-third of the way from NEW ZEALAND to HAWAII.
The island group consists of 332 islands (110 inhabited) and has a combined area somewhat smaller than NEW JERSEY.
The islands consist mainly of volcanic hills and mountains that are lush in tropical vegetation.
The climate is tropical maritime and is characterized by a dominance of warm, moist air masses, high levels of precipitation, cyclonic storms (November through January), and minimal seasonal temperature fluctuation.
Fiji has a high birth rate (23/1000 in 2003), a low death rate (5.7/1000 in 2003), a rapid rate of natural increase (1.7 percent), and a notable out-migration.
Population density is moderate, life expectancy is fairly high (68.9 years), and the median age, only 23.7 years, is markedly lower than for North America.
The majority ethnic group, Fijian (51 percent), is mainly Melanesian with a strong Polynesian influence.
Minority groups include Indians (44 percent), who are mostly Hindu, Europeans, and other Pacific Islanders.
Christianity is the primary religion among the Fijians and in the island group as a whole (52 percent), especially Methodism and Catholicism, followed by Hinduism (38 percent) and Islam (8 percent).
English, the official language, is accompanied by Fijian and Hindustani.
Education is free for young people ages 6 to 14, and national literacy is above 90 percent.
Fiji has a well-developed economy based largely on sugar exports, tourism, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, and small cottage industries.
Being insular, Fiji has a long total coastline and adheres to international guidelines for the division of ocean waters.
It claims a 12 nautical mi territorial sea and a 200 nautical mi Exclusive Economic Zone for resource development.
Given its rugged terrain, only 10.9 percent of this island country is arable.
Agriculture employs 17 percent of the official workforce and produces a range of commodities from sugar, cassava (tapioca), rice, and coconuts to sweet potatoes, bananas, pigs, and cattle.
With this production, Fiji faces serious ecological issues such as deforestation, soil erosion, chemical contamination, and siltation of internal waters.
Fiji received its independence from the United Kingdom on October 10, 1970, amended its constitution in July 1998 to include national open voting, and today has an elected government.
Poverty, subsistence living, political polarization between Fijians and Indians, and national fiscal management remain serious challenges.
The country's executive branch consists of a chief of state or president and a head of government or prime minister.
The parliament comprises a senate and house of representatives, and the supreme court oversees a legal system borrowed from the British.
The country is divided administratively into four divisions, the northern, eastern, western, and central, and one dependency, Rotuma.

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Last News

- Traveling to Ellada is getting more expensive
"Because of the abolition of tax benefits for the most visited islands, the traveling prices to Rhodes, Santorini, Mykonos, Naxos, Paros and Skiathos will be considerably increased.
The preferential tax treatment, regulated on the islands, was canceled from October 1, 2015 according to the Government decision. The capacity to pay 30% less tax will also be concerned towards hotels located on the above mentioned islands. And from the beginning of the summer next year the new rules will be applied to the rest of the islands.
The imposed measures will affect the tourists, who will have to pay the bills without any tax treatment benefits. The new rule will first of all be applied to the hotel room prices, which may be increased up to 7-10% according to the experts forecast. Consequently, the vacation package price will also be increased, which does not favor the tourists. "

- The British avoid visiting Islamic countries
"The research has revealed that 75% of British citizens are not eager to go on vacation to any Islamic countries due to the possible terror acts.
It is reported that Canary Islands and North Africa were always the most visited places by the British. However, following the terror acts in Tunis only one British out of four would prefer to go there. 54% of the surveyed stated that safety should be in the first place when traveling and 33% said that doubt about traveling to the countries which are considered to be dangerous for tourists. That is why in the upcoming winter season the British will likely go to Western European countries and the USA rather than visiting Tunis, Morocco, Egypt, Greece and Thailand. "