Czech Republic

Map Page 1133 Area 30,450 square mi (78,866 square km) Population 10,249,216 Capital Prague Highest Point 5,256 ft (1,602 m) Lowest Point 377 ft (115 m) GDP per capita $15,300 Primary Natural Resources graphite, coal, timber.
THE CZECH REPUBLIC consists of the two historic regions of Bohemia and Moravia.
The Czech Republic borders SLOVAKIA to the southeast, POLAND to the north and northeast, GERMANY to the north and west, and AUSTRIA to the south.
The Czech Republic is a parliamentary democracy with a parliament as its legislature.
The prime minister serves as the head of government, and the president serves as head of state.
Prague, Brno, Ostrava, and Plzen are major cities of the country.
Bohemia is a PLATEAU surrounded by the Ore or Erzgebirge Mountains and the Sudetes Mountains on the north and drained by the Vltava.
Moravia is a lowland region that is drained by the Morava River, which flows into the DANUBE.
The climate in the Czech Republic varies with the region from 30 degrees F (-1 degree C ) in January to 67 degrees F (19.4 degrees C) in July.
In higher elevations, the climate is colder and receives more rain.
The region comprising the Czech Republic was first settled by two Celtic groups, the Boii, from which the region Bohemia gets its name, and the Cotini.
By the 5th century, Slavs from the east settled in the region and formed the kingdom of Bohemia in the 10th century.
In the 15th century, Jan Hus led a movement against the Roman Catholic Church, which presaged the Protestant Reformation a century later.
In 1526, the Habsburg dynasty from Austria gained control of the Bohemian throne.
The Thirty Years' War began in Prague when the Czechs rebelled against Habsburg rule in 1618.
By 1620, Czech forces were defeated by the Habsburg forces, placing Bohemia under Austrian rule for 300 years.
The convulsions of World War I led Czech leaders to push for full independence.
In 1918, Czechoslovakia, with a diverse population of Czechs, Slovaks, Germans, and Ruthenians, emerged as a successor state to the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The First Republic of Czechoslovakia, led by Thomas Masaryk, was organized as a Western democracy, which was one of the most stable and prosperous countries of Central Europe during the interwar period.
During the 1930s, as Europe witnessed the rise of fascism, Czechoslovakia fell prey to Nazi ambitions.
In September 1938, at the Munich Conference, Britain and FRANCE gave the German-populated Sudetenland in northern Czechoslovakia to Adolf Hitler, who reorganized the country into the Second Republic in 1939 as a Nazi puppet state, granting autonomy to Slovakia.
Liberated by the Soviets in 1945, Czechoslovakia reemerged as an independent nation.
By 1948, however, the communists, with the backing of the Soviet Union, took control of the government, creating the Third Republic.
All prewar political parties were banned, and anticommunists were convicted in show trials.
The communists nationalized all industry, collectivized all agriculture, and restricted all churches in the years immediately following World War II.
In 1968, President Alexander Dubcek proposed liberal reforms to the political and economic system, which included distancing Czechoslovakia from the Soviet Union.
This "socialism with a human face" was put down by intervention by the Soviet Union and members of the Warsaw Pact, and Czechoslovakia was placed in a tighter orbit with Moscow.
By 1989, pressures for change throughout Eastern and Central Europe led to the Velvet Revolution, which overthrew communist rule in Czechoslovakia.
Dissident Vaclav Havel became president of Czechoslovakia and he oversaw its transition to democracy, with Vaclav Klaus as prime minister to oversee economic reform.
The Velvet Revolution raised the age-old question of the relationship between the Czechs and the Slovaks, and by 1993 came the Velvet Divorce, which was the peaceful split of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and SLOVAKIA.
Since then, the Czech Republic has made strides to integrate into the European economy.
It has been one of the few Eastern and Central European states to make a successful transition to a free market economy, albeit with some difficulties in the rising inequality of wealth.
The Czech Republic joined the NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION in 1999 and the EUROPEAN UNION in 2004.
Czechs make up the majority of the population of the Czech Republic.
Sizable minorities of Slovaks and Roma (Gypsies) also reside in the Czech Republic.
A significant German population existed in the Sudetenland, but many were expelled after World War II.
The Czech Republic has had an industrialized economy since the days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Its chief exports are consumer goods, and machinery.
Its chief industries are machinery, automobiles, textiles, and glass.
Its imports are consumer goods and fuel.

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Last News

- The country with the cheapest duty free in Europe has been revealed
"The quotation for goods at Spanish duty free shops turned out to be approximately 14% lower than any other European airport as Skyskanner reports.
To process a comparative analysis the prices for the most popular goods at duty free shops were taken into account: alcohol, perfumery products, cigarettes and sweets. The price for alcohol products strongly varies depending on the airport. Therefore, the prices may vary up to 50% in different airports.
You can save a lot of money buying perfumery products when you leave Spain. For instance, you can buy Burberry perfume for less than 80 euro in Spanish duty-frees, whereas in Geneva the price reaches 115 euro.
It is interesting to know that the prices at duty free shops in Madrid airports are three times less than in Paris airports. "

- Italian air traffic controllers are planning to strike
"The Italian air traffic controllers have reported about the upcoming strike that is scheduled on October 24, 2015. The airline employees will be striking between 10:00 and 18:00 as reported by local trade unions.
In case the event is not canceled, passengers may face flight delays or even cancellations. The tourists who plan either to leave or to arrive in Italy on 24th October it is highly recommended to verify their flight status online beforehand by visiting airport websites. "