Introduction of Colmar
City in Haut-Rhin department, 42 mi SSW of Strasbourg, in Alsace, E France. The city played a role in Charlemagne’s campaigns against the Saxons. It was created as an imperial town in 1226 by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. It was occupied by Sweden in 1632 during the Thirty Years’ War. Colmar became capital of Alsace in 1673. It was occupied by the Germans from 1871 to 1919 and from 1940 to 1945. A 13th-century Dominican convent is now a museum with several notable treasures from the 15th and 16th centuries. The city boasts many medieval buildings.