Introduction of Chandigarh
City in NW India, approximately 150 mi N of Delhi. It is the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana. The city itself is administered as a union territory by the central government of India. When India was partitioned in 1947, Lahore, which had been the capital of the Punjab, became part of Pakistan. The Indians decided to build an entirely new capital city, and the noted French architect Le Corbusier was engaged to plan it. He began the work, his most ambitious, in 1951. The site was chosen for its favorable climate and plentiful water supply. Le Corbusier laid out Chandigarh in 36 rectangular sections, 30 of them residential. All government buildings are in one section, and industrial area in another, and the plans included an artificial lake. While the new capital was being built, Jullundur was the interim capital of the Punjab.