__________________________

Chad Lake



LAKE CHAD IS A shallow freshwater lake located in west-central Africa.
Only 23 ft (7 m) at its deepest, it is 820 ft (250 m) above sea level, and was once larger than the state of VERMONT.
In the 1960s, Lake Chad was approximately the size of lake ERIE, one of the Great Lakes located in the Midwest region of the UNITED STATES.
In the past 40 years, however, Lake Chad has shrunk to less than the size of RHODE ISLAND.
Reasons are twofold: a drier climate, with less water replenishment by monsoons; and water siphoned off for agricultural irrigation purposes has quadrupled to provide for the 20 million people living in the four countries (Chad primarily, but also CAMEROON, NIGER, and NIGERIA) that include Lake Chad in their borders.
To illustrate the lake's reduction: Its surface area measured 10,000 square mi (25,000 square km) in 1963 but had shrunk to 839 square mi (1,350 square km) by 2001, causing the lake to become one-twentieth of its original size.
The most significant decrease occurred between 1973 and 1987.
Still, Lake Chad is the fourth-largest lake in Africa, with only Lakes VICTORIA, TANGANIKA, and MALAWI superior in size.
It is a central point of the region for many reasons, including the important archaeological discoveries found nearby.
This region contains some of the earliest evidence of hominids; the area has been occupied, nonstop, since perhaps 500 B.C.E.
Other pivotal roles of the lake and its perimeter include the area's prominence in the region's trade, the massive irrigation projects that rely upon its waters, and the flora and fauna that grow-and the wildlife that live-nearby.
Fish quantities, however, are significantly decreasing, a concern since fish provide a source of protein for the population.
Because of the decrease in fish, along with other signals of environmental distress, the lake and surrounding basins have been declared a "disaster zone." A research paper exploring the devastation, "Human and Natural Impacts on the Water Resources of the Lake Chad Basin," appeared in the American Geophysical Union's Journal of Geophysical Research in 2001.
Britain's Department for International Development in Nigeria, however, offers a more optimistic outlook.
According to their experts, the shrinkage of Lake Chad has created more farmland, land that is fed by the lake when its boundaries expand during rainy weather.
Leftover fish manure fertilizes this farmland, adding to fertility, and this combination allows farmers to survive three-month drier periods.
Significant famines have not occurred in this region, and people living by the lake are effectively fed by agriculture.

Chad Lake Images


Last News

- Allergic individuals would better avoid Czech restaurants
"The press reports that the majority of Czech restaurants do not point out the food ingredients that cause allergic reactions.
Nearly a third of cafes and restaurants “forget” to warn their clients or indicate allergic products in a wrong way. Mostly they do not specify the content of some types of crops, nuts and milk proteins. After the examination tested it turned out that 42 public places out of 114 violated the rules and didn’t provide full information about the dishes served.
The tourists, who suffer from allergies and who wishes to go to the Czech Republic it is recommended to stay on pins and needles and always carry some antihistaminic drugs in the pockets. "

- Switzerland will have its own “Golden Ring”
"Soon the ringed tour is to become available for tourists. The novelty got a simple name of “Grand-tour”, which absolutely correlates to what tourists are going to see during the tour and will be able to get to know with all country tourism brands while traveling.
This tour includes mountain hiking, photo stops at panoramic places, visiting UNESCO monuments and protected areas as well as mountain passes and crystallized lakes and also city tours. You will not lose the opportunity to visit Geneva, a city which is famous as the best week-end city on the continent, and you will also visit the city of Zurich, which is one the places with fresh air in Europe. The duration of the tour is still a secret; however, it is already known that the length of the route will extend up to 1,500 km. "