__________________________

Chad Lake



LAKE CHAD IS A shallow freshwater lake located in west-central Africa.
Only 23 ft (7 m) at its deepest, it is 820 ft (250 m) above sea level, and was once larger than the state of VERMONT.
In the 1960s, Lake Chad was approximately the size of lake ERIE, one of the Great Lakes located in the Midwest region of the UNITED STATES.
In the past 40 years, however, Lake Chad has shrunk to less than the size of RHODE ISLAND.
Reasons are twofold: a drier climate, with less water replenishment by monsoons; and water siphoned off for agricultural irrigation purposes has quadrupled to provide for the 20 million people living in the four countries (Chad primarily, but also CAMEROON, NIGER, and NIGERIA) that include Lake Chad in their borders.
To illustrate the lake's reduction: Its surface area measured 10,000 square mi (25,000 square km) in 1963 but had shrunk to 839 square mi (1,350 square km) by 2001, causing the lake to become one-twentieth of its original size.
The most significant decrease occurred between 1973 and 1987.
Still, Lake Chad is the fourth-largest lake in Africa, with only Lakes VICTORIA, TANGANIKA, and MALAWI superior in size.
It is a central point of the region for many reasons, including the important archaeological discoveries found nearby.
This region contains some of the earliest evidence of hominids; the area has been occupied, nonstop, since perhaps 500 B.C.E.
Other pivotal roles of the lake and its perimeter include the area's prominence in the region's trade, the massive irrigation projects that rely upon its waters, and the flora and fauna that grow-and the wildlife that live-nearby.
Fish quantities, however, are significantly decreasing, a concern since fish provide a source of protein for the population.
Because of the decrease in fish, along with other signals of environmental distress, the lake and surrounding basins have been declared a "disaster zone." A research paper exploring the devastation, "Human and Natural Impacts on the Water Resources of the Lake Chad Basin," appeared in the American Geophysical Union's Journal of Geophysical Research in 2001.
Britain's Department for International Development in Nigeria, however, offers a more optimistic outlook.
According to their experts, the shrinkage of Lake Chad has created more farmland, land that is fed by the lake when its boundaries expand during rainy weather.
Leftover fish manure fertilizes this farmland, adding to fertility, and this combination allows farmers to survive three-month drier periods.
Significant famines have not occurred in this region, and people living by the lake are effectively fed by agriculture.

Chad Lake Images


Last News

- Another European railway strike
"The French railway strike is planned on October 8, and Belgium strike will be held the next day.
It is supposed that French train staff will stop working on the evening of October 7 and will resume it by the morning 9 October. The aim of the strike is to attract the attention of the authorities due to the worsened working conditions and also their payment dissatisfaction. To be more precise, the trade unions want to reassure the authorities not to reform the Labor Code and pension payroll system.
Their Belgium colleagues wish to come up with the same requirements. It was also reported that high-speed trains Eurostar will be routed between London and Lille without reaching Brussels due to the strike. Thalys trains connecting Belgium and French capital cities will be canceled. The tourists would better think of an alternative way or choose some other means of transport. "

- Cardiff hosts Champions League final
"The final European club tournament football match 2017 will be held in the capital city in Wales. The final match will be held at the end of May at the Millennium Stadium with the max capacity of 74, 000 fans located in the central part of Cardiff.
The decision was taken at UEFA Executive Committee meeting in Prague.
European League final, the second leading tournament will be held in Stockholm at Friends Arena Stadium with a total capacity of about 50, 000 people.
The Super Cup match will stage in Skopje and will host Champions League and European League winners. "