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Cape Verde



Map Page 1113 Area 1,557 square mi (4,033 square km) Population 412,137 Capital Praia Highest Point Mt.
Fogo 9,281 ft (2,829 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $1,400 Primary Natural Resources salt, basalt, limestone, kaolin, fish.
CAPE VERDE IS a volcanically produced archipelago, consisting of 10 major islands and five islets in the ATLANTIC OCEAN, 285 mi (460 km) off the coast of SENEGAL in Africa.
Settled by the Portuguese sometime between 1455 to 1461, the uninhabited and resourcepoor Cape Verdes offered an early lesson in what today's marketing gurus refer to as: "location, location, location." The craggy islands, with their hot, dry climate, were of little intrinsic value.
Rain came sporadically, but sometimes in torrents, ruining whatever crops might otherwise grow.
Trade winds swept early sail-powered vessels to Cape Verde, and PORTUGAL capitalized, vigorously, on the islands' location.
Descending from north to south, the AZORES, Madeiras, and Cape Verde formed strategically positioned stepping-stones to and from the Atlantic for Portugal.
Their natural and manufactured resources were collectively leveraged for the Crown, and also offered an African trade axis with its own cultural and economic attributes.
Portugal carefully planned its colonial economies.
Goats, which could survive virtually any terrain, were brought to Cape Verde even before settlers.
A preservative and dietary supplement for long transoceanic voyages, salt proved to be the only redeemable natural resource.
The Portuguese also envisioned Cape Verde as a trade outlet for their naval stores, but proximity to the African coast rendered slave-trading the largest commercial activity, peaking in the first half of the 17th century and ending in the early 19th, when most of the world outlawed it.
In order to settle the islands and bolster their profitability, the Portuguese crown initially extended trade privileges to private firms and issued land grants with the hope of seeding plantationstyle agriculture.
(Farming largely failed.
Ironically, some of the best-growing crops, notably beans and squashes, were New World imports.) Less privileged individuals arrived at Cape Verde, too: Former prisoners brought at government behest for their labor; Iberian Jews fleeing the Inquisition; independent adventurers of truly diverse nationalities; slaves and freed slaves (often liberated during times of extreme drought/famine when even wealthy Cape Verdeans could not provide for them); and their wellmixed progeny.
The early elite profited from government-granted status, but others were forbidden to trade with foreign countries and limited in what they could exchange (no guns to Africa, for example).
They frequently flouted colonial dictates and embarked on their own trade, sometimes through smuggling.
Generally, they learned to navigate-both commercially and culturally-the African coast with its myriad tribal leaderships.
Three major trade classes subsequently emerged: tangomaus, originally black African traders who adapted to Portuguese culture; lancados, white Portuguese who ventured from Cape Verde to Africa; and grumetes, black or mixed-race servants who worked the boats and hauled cargo.
With the end of slave trading, Cape Verde returned to provisioning.
Faster, more efficient steam ships plied the seas, and newly discovered coal and a good harbor at Mindelo (San Vicente Island) fueled the economy.
Combined with poor conditions at home, increasing cosmopolitanism for the first time encouraged a major exodus: Seafarers from the island of Brava joined western- bound whaling crews and, subsequently settled in RHODE ISLAND, CALIFORNIA, and primarily MASSACHUSETTS.
Cape Verde achieved recognition as a geocultural "broker" in the 20th century.
In addition to building transportation facilities, Portugal established the islands as an educational center for its African colonies, with a seminary and secondary school.
But the pervasive anticolonial movement sweeping the continent similarly inspired Cape Verdeans toward independence in 1975.
All told, the islands' geographic position yielded a maritime economy descended from the Age of Exploration, and a unique Afro-Portuguese Crioulo (creole) culture that became better defined with the dissolution of colonialism.

Cape Verde Images


Last News

- Airplane was forced to land because of the broken coffee machine
"SAS plane routing from Stockholm to Chicago was forced to make an emergency landing by a faulty coffee maker.
The carrier’s reps report that the flight something got short-circuited. The crew realized that there was a smell of smoke and after that the decision to make an emergency landing at the Greenland airport was made. It is stated that there was no panic aboard: all the passengers remained at their seats till the full landing.
Causing the coffee machine breakdown had to stay at a hotel overnight in Greenland; the next day the plane departed for Chicago. "

- The world best airport is now determined
"The Dubai International Airport is recognized to be the world best airport in 2015 by WorldRoutes Marketing Award. The airport is considered to be the busiest one: the passenger traffic exceeds 50 million people each year. Having been recently modernized the airport is now able to serve about 80 million passengers each year.
Among the airports with an average passenger capability (i.e. from 20 to 50 million people) the Copenhagen International Airport was recognized to be the best one. The first place took Prague among the airports with passenger traffic of 20 million people.
It should be mentioned that no Russian airports showed up in the rate list. "