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Caen



Introduction of Caen
City, port, and capital of the Calvados department inNormand y, 9 mi from the English Channel and SW of Le Havre. Capital of Lower Normand y in the11th century a.d., it was a favorite residence of Williamthe Conqueror, who is buried in the church ofSt. Etienne. It was twice captured by the English duringthe Hundred Years' War, in 1346 and 1417, whenit was held until 1450. The city was a Girondistecenter during the French Revolution. Following theD-day land ings in World War II, Caen was crucial tothe German resistance against the Allied advance.Two-thirds of the city was destroyed in the ensuingfighting but has since been rebuilt. Two Normanchurches and parts of William's massive castle survive.Nearby are ancient quarries from which stonewas exported to build Westminster Abbey and otherearly English monuments.City, port, and capital of the Calvados department inNormand y, 9 mi from the English Channel and SW of Le Havre. Capital of Lower Normand y in the11th century a.d., it was a favorite residence of Williamthe Conqueror, who is buried in the church ofSt. Etienne. It was twice captured by the English duringthe Hundred Years' War, in 1346 and 1417, whenit was held until 1450. The city was a Girondistecenter during the French Revolution. Following theD-day land ings in World War II, Caen was crucial tothe German resistance against the Allied advance.Two-thirds of the city was destroyed in the ensuingfighting but has since been rebuilt. Two Normanchurches and parts of William's massive castle survive.Nearby are ancient quarries from which stonewas exported to build Westminster Abbey and otherearly English monuments.