Map Page 1136 Area 8,865 square mi (22,966 square km) Population 266,440 Capital Belmopan Highest Point 3,805 ft (1,160 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $4,900 Primary Natural Resources bananas, cocoa, citrus, sugar, fish.
BELIZE ("BELICE" IN SPANISH), formerly the Settlement of Belize in the Bay of Honduras (prior to 1862), British Honduras (1862-1973), and Belize thereafter, became independent on September 21, 1981.
Located on the Caribbean coast of northern Central America, it shares a northwestern border with the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, on the west with the Guatemalan department of Peten, and on the south with the Guatemalan department of Izabal.
Honduras lies 46 mi (75 km) away at the two nations' closest point across the Gulf of Honduras and CARIBBEAN SEA to the east.
The current name is derived from the Belize River (also called the Old River) and Belize City, the country's largest city, principal port, and former capital.
BARRIER REEF The eastern border has numerous marshy lagoons flanked by the world's second-longest barrier reef (240 mi or 386 km).
The nation is shaped like a rectangle extending 174 mi (280 km) north-south and about 62 mi (100 km) east-west, with a total land boundary length of 321 mi (516 km); the border with GUATEMALA is 165 mi (266 km) and with MEXICO 155 mi (250 km).
Cay islands include about 266 square mi (690 square km), and the Hondo and the Sarstoon rivers define most of the northern and southern boundaries.
The western border follows no natural features but runs north-south through lowland forest and highland plateau.
The entire area of the country is slightly larger than EL SALVADOR or MASSACHUSETTS.
Geologically, Belize is divided into two primary physiographic regions, the Maya Mountains rising to 3,675 ft (1,120 m) and northern lowlands drained by 18 major rivers and streams.
Most of Belize lies outside the tectonically active zone that underlies most of Central America.
The climate is subtropical.
POLITICS AND POPULATION Belize was under the political control of a series of Maya city-states prior to the arrival of English colonists in the early 1600s.
A 200-year territorial conflict between Britain and SPAIN became a conflict between Belize and Guatemala, from the independence of Spanish colonies into the 1990s.
Modern Belize consists of six political districts (Belize, Cayo, Corozal, Orange Walk, Stann Creek, and Toledo); the new capital, Belmopan, is centrally located in the interior.
The country has a population that is fragmented into many racial and cultural groups.
The two largest groups are Creoles; English-speaking or Creole-speaking blacks and people of mixed African and European heritage, and Mestizos, Spanish-speaking people of mixed Mayan and Spanish European heritage.
In addition there are Garifuna (Afro-Caribs originally from the Lesser Antilles), Maya (descendants of the original inhabitants), East Indians, Chinese, Arabs, and Europeans.
English is the official language, but a local English dialect, Belizean Creole, is spoken by most groups; Spanish is widely spoken outside of Belize City.
Other languages include Mayan dialects (Yucatecan, Mopan, and Kekchi), Garifuna, and Low German.
Most Belizans are Roman Catholic, but there are significant Protestant minorities.
- Sightseeing in Greece will become much more expensive
"Greek authorities reported about a sharp increase in price for visiting museums and other places of interest around the country. In particular, starting from January 1, 2016 the ticket price at Acropolis will reach 52 euro. Today the Athens main attraction costs only 12 euro.
The entrance ticket price to the sanctuary of Olympia and Knossos ruins will be raised twice. Since the beginning of the next year 200 museums located all around the country will also increase the ticket price.
However, the Greek authorities note that such high prices are likely to be up to date only during the summer tourist season. "
- Is it possible to go on vacation to Turkey following the shocks
"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs denies the information that recently emerged saying that the Ministry is planning to ban Russians to enter the country.
There were two explosions that took place in Ankara during the meeting for peace between the Turkish authorities and Kurdistan Workers Party. The terrorist attack claimed the lives of 95 people and 250 people got injured.
Following the attack national media channels have reported that the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs started elaborating recommendations for the Russians not to visit the country which has experienced the terror attacks.
However, on Sunday the rumors were denied by the media saying that this information is found to be untrue.
Experts believe that such decision is justified. Terror attacks took place in the Turkish capital, which is seldom visited by Russians or is not visited at all. Our citizens more often spend their holidays at the Mediterranean Sea resorts or in Istanbul, which are far away from Ankara. "