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Beauvais



Introduction of Beauvais
City in the Oise department, approximately 45 miNW of Paris. It was the capital of the Gallic tribe ofthe Bellovaci and later became a Roman town. In theninth century a.d. it became a countship, passing onto the bishops of Beauvais in 1013. It was a center ofthe Jacquerie, a peasant uprising in 1358, and in 1472it was besieged by the duke of Burgundy. He wasrepelled in part by the heroism of the women of Beauvaisunder the leadership of Jeanne Hachette, whosememory is preserved every October 14 by a processionin which the women take precedence over themen. The cathedral of St. Pierre, begun in 1247, wasintended to be the tallest building in the Christianworld, but in 1284 construction was delayed by thecollapse of overly ambitious vaulting and again in1573 by a similar accident to the central tower.Although repaired, the cathedral was never finished.Carved wooden doors, an astronomical clock, and outstand ing stained-glass windows represent some ofthe finest work of French Gothic and Renaissancestyles of the 13th through the 17th centuries. Thestained glass of the church of St. Etienne shows thetransition from Romanesque to Gothic styles. Commercially,Beauvais flourished in the Middle Ages, and again in the 17th century when it was the centerof the royal tapestry manufacture.City in the Oise department, approximately 45 miNW of Paris. It was the capital of the Gallic tribe ofthe Bellovaci and later became a Roman town. In theninth century a.d. it became a countship, passing onto the bishops of Beauvais in 1013. It was a center ofthe Jacquerie, a peasant uprising in 1358, and in 1472it was besieged by the duke of Burgundy. He wasrepelled in part by the heroism of the women of Beauvaisunder the leadership of Jeanne Hachette, whosememory is preserved every October 14 by a processionin which the women take precedence over themen. The cathedral of St. Pierre, begun in 1247, wasintended to be the tallest building in the Christianworld, but in 1284 construction was delayed by thecollapse of overly ambitious vaulting and again in1573 by a similar accident to the central tower.Although repaired, the cathedral was never finished.Carved wooden doors, an astronomical clock, and outstand ing stained-glass windows represent some ofthe finest work of French Gothic and Renaissancestyles of the 13th through the 17th centuries. Thestained glass of the church of St. Etienne shows thetransition from Romanesque to Gothic styles. Commercially,Beauvais flourished in the Middle Ages, and again in the 17th century when it was the centerof the royal tapestry manufacture.

Beauvais Images