Map Page 1137 Area 168 square mi (431 square km) Population 277,264 Capital Bridgetown Highest Point Mount Hillaby 1,109 ft (336 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $14,500 Primary Natural Resources petroleum, fish, natural gas.
BARBADOS IS ONE of the clearest success stories of the CARIBBEAN SEA, with one of the most prosperous economies and stable governments in the region.
Having one of the highest population densities in the world (1,548 per square mi), Barbadians were also one of the first nations (in 1955, second only to INDIA) to implement a family planning program, which has resulted in one of the lowest birthrates in the Western Hemisphere.
Much of the current population growth is due to the return of Barbadians who emigrated to the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) in the 1950s and are now retiring back home.
For most people in 18th-century Britain, Barbados was the Caribbean-British settlers had been on the island since 1627; its main town, Bridgetown, was a large, bustling trade city, and the colony had become the largest and wealthiest of all the English colonies, surpassing VIRGINIA and MASSACHUSETTS.
The colony had over 40,000 English residents, and one of the oldest legislatures in the New World.
Lying about 100 mi (161 km) east of the main arc of the Antilles, the island was usually the first port of call for Europeans crossing the ATLANTIC OCEAN.
The Portuguese had first named the island "bearded ones," after the bearded fig trees they found there.
There were no original inhabitants at first encounter, so there was no resistance to overcome for the great number of planters who came to set up small farms for tobacco, cotton, and indigo.
The land is relatively flat, with a gentle rise to a central highland.
As part of the eastern arc of the Antilles (including Antigua, St.
Martin, and ANGUILLA), any volcanic activity is much more distantly removed, and the older, more weathered soil, is very rich and commercially viable on a large scale, especially in the central highlands.
The "sugar revolution" of the 1640s to 1680s thus began here and ultimately changed the overall economy of most of the region.
As small farms were replaced with large plantations, most English landowners were squeezed out by the sugar barons and resettled in the Guianas and SOUTH CAROLINA, replaced by large numbers of slave laborers imported from Africa.
Barbados was the center of the sugar-producing world until the abolition of slavery in 1834, but the industry continued to dominate, run both by freed Africans (the majority of the population), and some descendants of white laborers (called "Red Legs").
Barbados was one of the first British colonies to achieve independence, in 1966, with one of the easiest transitions to self-rule.
It remains an active member of the Commonwealth, with the British monarch continuing to serve as chief executive.
Production and export of sugar have declined in the past 30 years, but locally produced rum remains a specialty.
Agriculture has become more diverse, producing more vegetables and fruits for domestic consumption, but much of its food is still imported.
More than 80 percent of the population is employed in service industries, mostly tourism.
Tourists generally come from the UK, not from the UNITED STATES, so Barbados retains its British style in many ways more than its Caribbean neighbors (the closest being St.
Vincent and the Grenadines).
There is a growing U.S.
presence in the data processing industry, taking advantage of the very literate Barbadian population (99 percent).
- The capital city of Bulgaria opened a new museum
"The children-oriented museum invites them to explore the environmental world in a game style.
The so-called “Museiko” museum has been located at the kids’ centre in Sofia. Young explorers are able to go back to the past and gasp the meteorites dropped on our planet. There are also a lot of entertainment activities for kids: they will be offered to look at the world through the frog’s eyes, try their hands in archeology and construction, and puzzle out the nature mysteries and many other things.
At different levels of the museum children and parents are able to find themselves at various time spaces, which are the past, the present and the future. They will not only get the idea of the all possible opportunities in different scientific fields, but also will be able to play games on anxiety development and love to the activities in creativity. Besides this, different accelerated learning techniques will be used while working with young visitors. "
- Pavements in Great Britain are now able to bring free Wi-Fi
"Communications company from Buckinghamshire that is located to the north-west of London has offered an unusual service for local residents and guests in Chesham: a wireless internet connection is now provided by the pavements.
All the necessary equipment is installed under the so-called “smart pavement” that is capable to stand the heavy loads. At the moment the network covers the central streets and main bus stops of the town. It is planned to install the Wi-Fi zones all around Chesham.
Let us remind you that Moscow is planning to make available free Wi-Fi connection in the buses till the end of 2015. "