Introduction of Bamberg
City in S Germany, 31 mi NW of Nuremberg. The city developed in the early 10th century a.d. around the castle of the counts of Babenberg, who later ruled Austria. From 1007 Bamberg was the capital of a strong ecclesiastical state, until it became part of Bavaria in 1803. In 1919 it was the temporary seat of the Bavarian government, and in World War II U.S. troops took Bamberg in April 1945. The city is noted for the 11th-century church of St. Michael and for its cathedral, erected mostly in the 13th century, which contains the tombs of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry II and Pope Clement II. A Bamberg printer, Albrecht Pfister, is thought to have been the first person to print illustrated books using moveable type c. 1460. The illustrations were woodcuts.