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Baltimore



Introduction of Baltimore
City in N Maryland , on the estuary of the PatapscoRiver, an arm of Chesapeake Bay. Although the sitewas settled in the early 17th century, Baltimore wasnot officially founded until the provincial assembly in1729 authorized it. It was named for Lord Baltimore,the founder of Maryland . Its fine harbor made thecolonial town a major shipping point for grain and tobacco. Shipbuilding also prospered during both theAmerican Revolution and the War of 1812, when privateerswere in demand . The fast and beautiful Baltimoreclipper ships were built here.The Continental Congress met in Baltimore in1777 after the British captured Philadelphia. In theWar of 1812 the battle at Fort McHenry in defenseof the city inspired the writing of the Star-SpangledBanner. The building of the National Road, startingin 1815, stimulated Baltimore's economy as theroute to the West advanced. However, the completionof the Erie Canal in New York State in 1825diverted traffic. Baltimore businessmen reacted by sponsoring the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, thefirst public railroad in the United States, which beganoperating in May 1830.Although Maryland remained in the Union duringthe Civil War, southern sentiment was verystrong, and a Massachusetts regiment passingthrough the city in April 1861 was assailed by amob. A fire in 1904 devastated most of the downtownsection, but a better designed city was built.Both world wars stimulated Baltimore's shippingand shipbuilding facilities, and the city remains amajor port and industrial area. The 1960s and 1970s were a time of urban decay for Baltimore,which lost population and businesses to its suburbs.The 1980s and 1990s have seen a renewal of thecity, particularly in the Inner Harbor area of thecity's waterfront. Among points of interest are theEdgar Allan Poe House and the first Roman Catholiccathedral in the United States.City in N Maryland , on the estuary of the PatapscoRiver, an arm of Chesapeake Bay. Although the sitewas settled in the early 17th century, Baltimore wasnot officially founded until the provincial assembly in1729 authorized it. It was named for Lord Baltimore,the founder of Maryland . Its fine harbor made thecolonial town a major shipping point for grain and tobacco. Shipbuilding also prospered during both theAmerican Revolution and the War of 1812, when privateerswere in demand . The fast and beautiful Baltimoreclipper ships were built here.The Continental Congress met in Baltimore in1777 after the British captured Philadelphia. In theWar of 1812 the battle at Fort McHenry in defenseof the city inspired the writing of the Star-SpangledBanner. The building of the National Road, startingin 1815, stimulated Baltimore's economy as theroute to the West advanced. However, the completionof the Erie Canal in New York State in 1825diverted traffic. Baltimore businessmen reacted by sponsoring the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, thefirst public railroad in the United States, which beganoperating in May 1830.Although Maryland remained in the Union duringthe Civil War, southern sentiment was verystrong, and a Massachusetts regiment passingthrough the city in April 1861 was assailed by amob. A fire in 1904 devastated most of the downtownsection, but a better designed city was built.Both world wars stimulated Baltimore's shippingand shipbuilding facilities, and the city remains amajor port and industrial area. The 1960s and 1970s were a time of urban decay for Baltimore,which lost population and businesses to its suburbs.The 1980s and 1990s have seen a renewal of thecity, particularly in the Inner Harbor area of thecity's waterfront. Among points of interest are theEdgar Allan Poe House and the first Roman Catholiccathedral in the United States.

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