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Baku



Introduction of Baku
City on the Apsheron Peninsula, on the W shore ofthe Caspian Sea. It is the capital of Azerbaijan. Firesfrom its vast oil deposits were worshiped as shrines asearly as the sixth century b.c. Beginning in the 11thcentury a.d. the Persians controlled this prosperoustrading center and source of oil, with occasional interferencefrom Mongol invasions. Peter the Great tookit for Russia in 1723, but the Persians regained it in1735. It became Russian permanently in 1806. In thecivil war that followed the Bolshevik Revolution of1917 it was a White Russian stronghold. In 1920 itwas made capital of the Azerbaijan SSR. In 2000the walled city of Baku was classified by UNESCO asa World Heritage Site.City on the Apsheron Peninsula, on the W shore ofthe Caspian Sea. It is the capital of Azerbaijan. Firesfrom its vast oil deposits were worshiped as shrines asearly as the sixth century b.c. Beginning in the 11thcentury a.d. the Persians controlled this prosperoustrading center and source of oil, with occasional interferencefrom Mongol invasions. Peter the Great tookit for Russia in 1723, but the Persians regained it in1735. It became Russian permanently in 1806. In thecivil war that followed the Bolshevik Revolution of1917 it was a White Russian stronghold. In 1920 itwas made capital of the Azerbaijan SSR. In 2000the walled city of Baku was classified by UNESCO asa World Heritage Site.