Map Page 1121 Area 53,820 square mi (86,600 square km) Population 7,830,764 Capital Baku Highest Point 15,551 ft (4,740 m) Lowest Point Caspian Sea -92 ft (-28 m) GDP per capita $3,400 Primary Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas.
AZERBAIJAN, A FORMER Soviet republic, now officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a nation with a Turkic and majority Muslim population.
It regained independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
It is located in the region of the SOUTHERN CAUCASUS MOUNTAINS, and borders the CASPIAN SEA to the east, GEORGIA and RUSSIA to the north, IRAN to the south, and ARMENIA to the southwest and west.
A landlocked nation, Azerbaijan has three dominant physical features: the Caspian Sea, whose shoreline forms a natural boundary to the east; the Greater Caucasus Mountain range to the north; and the extensive flatlands at the country's center.
Of the three Transcaucasian states (Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan), Azerbaijan has the greatest land area.
A small part of Nakhichevan also borders TURKEY to the northwest.
The capital is the ancient city of Baku, which has the largest and best harbor on the Caspian Sea and has long been the center of the republic's oil industry.
The country's elevation changes over a relatively short distance from lowlands to highlands; nearly half the country is considered mountainous.
Notable physical features are the gently undulating hills of the subtropical southeastern coast, which are covered with tea plantations, orange groves, and lemon groves; numerous mud volcanoes and mineral springs in the ravines of Kobustan Mountain near Baku; and coastal terrain that lies as much as 92 ft (28 m) below sea level.
Except for its eastern Caspian shoreline and some areas bordering Georgia and Iran, Azerbaijan is ringed by mountains.
To the northeast, bordering Russia's Dagestan Autonomous Republic, is the Greater Caucasus range; to the west, bordering Armenia, is the Lesser Caucasus range.
To the extreme southeast, the Talysh Mountains form part of the border with Iran.
The highest elevations occur in the Greater Caucasus, where Mount Bazar-dyuzi rises 15,551 ft (4,740 m) above sea level.
Eight large rivers flow down from the Caucasus ranges into the central Kura-Aras lowlands, alluvial flatlands, and low DELTA areas along the seacoast, designated by the Azerbaijani name for the Mtkvari River and its main tributary, the Aras.
The Mtkvari, the longest river in the Caucasus region, forms the delta and drains into the Caspian a short distance downstream from the confluence with the Aras.
Partly because of the great range of altitude in the country, there is a variety of climate, vegetation, and soil conditions.
Climate varies from subtropical and dry in central and eastern Azerbaijan to subtropical and humid in the southeast, temperate along the shores of the Caspian Sea, and cold at the higher mountain elevations.
Because most of Azerbaijan receives scant rainfall-on average 5.9 to 10 in (15.2 to 25.4 cm) annually- agricultural areas require irrigation.
Azerbaijan shares all the formidable problems of the former Soviet republics in making the transition from a command to a market economy, but its considerable energy resources brighten its long-term prospects.
A continuing conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region may be an obstacle to economic growth.

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Last News

- Airplane was forced to land because of the broken coffee machine
"SAS plane routing from Stockholm to Chicago was forced to make an emergency landing by a faulty coffee maker.
The carrier’s reps report that the flight something got short-circuited. The crew realized that there was a smell of smoke and after that the decision to make an emergency landing at the Greenland airport was made. It is stated that there was no panic aboard: all the passengers remained at their seats till the full landing.
Causing the coffee machine breakdown had to stay at a hotel overnight in Greenland; the next day the plane departed for Chicago. "

- Some tourists will be banned to visit “The Forbidden City” in Beijing
"Chinese management of the site blacklisted some tourists.
The blacklist counts around 2500 people, who could have ever visited the UNESCO site and behaved discourteously. Those who scratched their names or did other signs on the walls and sculptures of the ancient construction, littered or entered the palace using a fake ticket will no longer be able to visit The Forbidden City for at least three years.
As reported, such a practice did a good result that is why the site management plans to keep implementing this kind of sanction. And those people who are re-selling the tickets will be punished as well.
Such an unsuitable conduct of the tourists is not uncommon in China. Earlier it was mentioned that, despite the ban, the tourists who arrived to Shaanxi province keep touching the breast of the bare-waist deep statue of Yang Guifei. "