A NETHERLANDS territory in the CARIBBEAN SEA and formerly the A in the ABC Islands, Aruba has come into its own in the past two decades, thanks in large part to aggressive advertisement campaigns on U.S.
Already prosperous due to oil refineries established by the Dutch in the early 20th century, this advertising strategy aims to make tourism the numberone element in the Aruban economy, long before petroleum resources are used up.
Aruba has an area of 75 square mi (193 square km), and its capital city is Oranjestad.
The highest point is Mount Jamanota at 617 ft (188 m) and lowest point is seal level.
A population of 70,844 enjoys a gross domestic product per capita of $28,000.
Aruba lies only 15.5 mi (25 km) off the north coast of VENEZUELA and a few miles west of the other Dutch islands of Curacao and Bonaire.
The islands became a Dutch colony in 1636 but retained a diverse population of local natives, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, and English traders, resulting in the curious language combining all of these elements known as Papiamento.
Aruba alone of the Caribbean islands has retained a significant portion of its pre-European population (Arawak), mainly because the islands are too arid to have been developed as commercial tobacco or sugar plantations in the 17th century.
Instead, the ABC Islands became a center of piracy, raiding the rich Spanish galleons as they left the South American ports for Europe and developing as the center of the Caribbean slave trade.
Hit hard by the abolition of slavery by the Dutch in 1863, the islands first reinvented themselves as center for the South American gold rush of the 19th century, then as primary refiners of oil from the Maracaibo oil fields in Venezuela in the early 20th century.
The first refinery on Aruba was built in 1920s, at the time the largest of its kind in the world.
Unlike the more tropical islands of the eastern Caribbean, the islands off the coast of South America have a more arid climate, where cacti and aloe vera thrive.
The islands are outside the hurricane belt and are sunny and dry (less than 25 in or 64 cm of rain per year), which is a draw for tourists, but also creates the problem of finding freshwater for the large amount of visitors arriving each year, mostly from the UNITED STATES and Venezuela.
Large water collection facilities have been set up on Aruba to convert seawater to drinking water, and in the process, this has created a subindustry of salt production.
Tourism is an appealing alternative to dependence on Venezuelan oil, which began to diminish after Venezuela opened its own refineries in the 1980s.
Resenting the dominance of its larger neighbor, Curacao, Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Movement toward full political independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.
- The capital city of Bulgaria opened a new museum
"The children-oriented museum invites them to explore the environmental world in a game style.
The so-called “Museiko” museum has been located at the kids’ centre in Sofia. Young explorers are able to go back to the past and gasp the meteorites dropped on our planet. There are also a lot of entertainment activities for kids: they will be offered to look at the world through the frog’s eyes, try their hands in archeology and construction, and puzzle out the nature mysteries and many other things.
At different levels of the museum children and parents are able to find themselves at various time spaces, which are the past, the present and the future. They will not only get the idea of the all possible opportunities in different scientific fields, but also will be able to play games on anxiety development and love to the activities in creativity. Besides this, different accelerated learning techniques will be used while working with young visitors. "
- Italian air traffic controllers are planning to strike
"The Italian air traffic controllers have reported about the upcoming strike that is scheduled on October 24, 2015. The airline employees will be striking between 10:00 and 18:00 as reported by local trade unions.
In case the event is not canceled, passengers may face flight delays or even cancellations. The tourists who plan either to leave or to arrive in Italy on 24th October it is highly recommended to verify their flight status online beforehand by visiting airport websites. "