Map Page 1131 Area 183 square mi (468 square km) Capital Andorra la Vella Population 69,150 Highest Point 9,722 ft (2,946 m) Lowest Point 2,772 ft (840 m) GDP per capita $19,000 Primary Natural Resources hydropower, timber.
ONE OF THE WORLD'S true curiosities, the sovereign coprincipality of Andorra retains independent status which, according to local history, was granted in the 9th century by Charlemagne for the people's valiant services to him against the Moors.
Consisting of the upper valleys of the river Valira, this tiny country is nestled among the high mountain passes of the Pyrenees between FRANCE and SPAIN.
Only 2.5 times the size of Washington, D.C., it is one of the smallest countries in the world.
What makes Andorra truly curious, however, is it's unusual status as a coprincipality, though without a local prince; instead, it is governed jointly by the republic of FRANCE and by the Bishop of Urgell, a small town a few miles to the south in Spain.
The French president and the bishop act as coprinces only nominally, however, and since 1993 the country has been entirely sovereign and self-ruling.
PEAKS AND VALLEYS Andorra is located between the French department of Ariege, in the region of Midi-Pyrenees, and the Spanish province of Lerida (or Lleida) in the region of Catalonia.
Consisting of high mountain peaks and narrow valleys, the elevation of Andorra ranges from 6,500 to 10,000 ft (2,000 to 3,000 m).
The climate is fairly severe, restricting vegetation to minimal mountain scrub: One suggestion of the origin of the name Andorra, is that it comes from a local term for "shrub-covered." But this climate provides excellent high mountain pastures for sheep and cattle and is also a great attraction for skiers from all over Europe.
The economy runs mostly on tourism, with numerous summer and winter resorts, and also as a duty-free shopping center.
Much of Andorra remains rural.
Most of its inhabitants live in one of six main villages, raise their herds of sheep or cattle, and manage small farms, raising rye, wheat, barley, oats, and vegetables.
There are also some fruit orchards and vineyards.
Most of the population lives in and around the capital, Andorra la Vella, where there is some light manufacture, notably cigarettes, sandals, and anisette liqueur.
The coprincipality has been jointly ruled since a treaty in 1278 between the Count of Foix and the Bishop of Urgell.
At that time, there were several small states between France and Spain; the unusual thing is that this one survived into the 21st century.
The pass of Port d'Envalita (7,943 ft or 2,407 m) has served as a major route between Toulouse, France, and northern Spain since ancient times.
While the status of the bishop remained the same, the Counts of Foix eventually died out and the title was absorbed by the king of France in the 17th century.
After the French Revolution, the post naturally fell to the president of the republic.
In 1993, Andorrans voted in favor of a new constitution that, while retaining the honorific position of the coprinces, gives Andorra complete sovereignty and control over its affairs, both internal and external.
It has been a member of the EUROPEAN UNION (EU) since 1990, uses the euro, and became a full member of the United Nations in 1994.
But Andorra's position as a free-port also brings with it the associated problems of smuggling and money laundering, the subject of an accord settled between the five European microstates and the EU in 2003.
- The world best airport is now determined
"The Dubai International Airport is recognized to be the world best airport in 2015 by WorldRoutes Marketing Award. The airport is considered to be the busiest one: the passenger traffic exceeds 50 million people each year. Having been recently modernized the airport is now able to serve about 80 million passengers each year.
Among the airports with an average passenger capability (i.e. from 20 to 50 million people) the Copenhagen International Airport was recognized to be the best one. The first place took Prague among the airports with passenger traffic of 20 million people.
It should be mentioned that no Russian airports showed up in the rate list. "
- The seaweed invasion prevents tourists to enjoy the Dominican beaches
"Tourists couldn’t but leave the country due to the experienced inconveniences. Basically, these are the eastern resorts that prevent tourists to enjoy their vacation. The embarrassing seaweed made their staying here simply intolerable. Local travel agencies say that the number of holidaymakers went down up to 95%.
The authorities are trying to deal with a bad luck collecting the weeds around the coastal areas. However, they are still facing a problem and the number of the sea “inhabitants” is still growing. It is stated that it is a priority to clean all the rubbish stored at the beaches, otherwise the country will have no tourists that will bring them no income afterwards.
Scientists report that the mounting pollution may be caused by two reasons. According to the first assumption the seaweed appeared on the Dominican coastlines due to the climate change: the average temperature has considerably increased over recent years. The second theory goes that the hurricane has brought them. "