THE ALTIPLANO IS A high plateau located in the central ANDES region of South America at an altitude of about 13,123 ft (4,000 m).
It reaches into parts of PERU, BOLIVIA, CHILE, and ARGENTINA.
On the west, it bounds the Cordillera Occidental and borders the Cordillera Oriental on the east.
It is surrounded by volcanoes reaching altitudes of 19,685 ft (6,000 m), whose activities have caused landfalls that are responsible for the reshaping of this large plateau.
The Altiplano has an area of 105,633 square mi (170,000 square km) that is volcanic in origin.
Lake TITICACA is the lowest point of the Altiplano, and occupies its northern basin.
It is located at an altitude of 12,500 ft (3,810 m).
It has an area of 5,632 square mi (14,587 square km) and reaches depths of 1,214 ft (370 m), making it the highest navigable body of water on earth.
The large volume of water makes it possible for the lake to retain a stable 50 degrees F (10 degrees C) temperature.
The lake plays an important part in affecting the surrounding climate.
The southern basin of the Altiplano is occupied by shallow salt lakes and flats.
Lake Titicaca drains into Lake Poopo through the Desaguadero River.
Lake Poopo, which is a shallow saltwater lake whose depth rarely reaches more than 13 ft (4 m), is dependent on the flow of water from Lake Titicaca and seasonal rainfall.
One of the largest salt flats in the Altiplano is the Uyuni Saltpan.
It is all that remains of an ancient lake that covered an area of 5,592 square mi (14,483 square km).
Today, this saltpan is filled with salt, which can be as deep as 16 ft (5 m).
The Altiplano's climate is characterized by a long dry season, lasting from April to November, and a short wet season.
The wet season is from November to March, when 95 percent of the rainfall occurs.
The amount of rain decreases from northeast to southwest.
This is possible since a rain shadow effect is created that allows the northeast to receive more water.
The Cordillera Oriental, for example, receives about 51 in (130 cm) of water annually, while the southern Antiplano receives only 6 in (15 cm).
The atmosphere here is more transparent to radiation because of the greenhouse effect.
This causes an increase in nighttime heat loss, which is noticeably greater than the rate at sea level.
The ultraviolet radiation is 20 percent greater in the Altiplano than the radiation at sea level.
The highest temperatures during the summer are measured in late November, reaching 68 degrees F (20 degrees C) during daytime and falling to near 5 degrees F (-15 degrees C) at night.
During the winter, June to August, mean temperatures reach as high as 55 degrees F (13 degrees C) and fall to 12 degrees F (-11 degrees C) at night.
Strong winds are common in the Altiplano, reaching 62 mi per hour (97 km per hour).
They are present nearly every day and are usually stronger in the afternoon.
The Altiplano ecosystem has a dry STEPPE climate, predominated by grasses.
The lack of oxygen in the high altitudes of the Altiplano allows only a few plants and animals to survive.
Some of the animals living in the region are condors, flamingos, different species of cameloids (e.g., American camels), llamas, alpacas, and many bird species.
The Altiplano is also home to the quenoa tree, which grows at an elevation of over 11,500 ft (3,500 m).
The Altiplano has been home to the Inca peoples.
Today, some of its areas are populated by Aymara natives.
Since the Inca's time, the plateau has seen much mining: Gold and silver are two of the metals sought by miners and mining companies.
Other natural resources include tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, and lead.
Mining has been the source of pollution to the air, water, and soil in the Altiplano.

Altiplano Images

Last News

- Airplane was forced to land because of the broken coffee machine
"SAS plane routing from Stockholm to Chicago was forced to make an emergency landing by a faulty coffee maker.
The carrier’s reps report that the flight something got short-circuited. The crew realized that there was a smell of smoke and after that the decision to make an emergency landing at the Greenland airport was made. It is stated that there was no panic aboard: all the passengers remained at their seats till the full landing.
Causing the coffee machine breakdown had to stay at a hotel overnight in Greenland; the next day the plane departed for Chicago. "

- Free visit of Gaudi’s principal masterpiece in October
"The main treasure of the Catalan capital announces open days between 23 and 25 of October, 2015. The majestic cathedral will be absolutely free of charge to visit (usually the entry ticket costs 15 euro and with an excursion included the price reaches 19, 5 euro) on these days. However, there is still a limitation, everyone who wishes to get the right of free pass to the temple Basilica de la Sagrada Familia has to receive an e-ticket booked for one of the days mentioned above between 16:00 and 20:00 by local time.
The free ticket to the cathedral may be obtained starting from October 14, 2015. "