KNOWN AS THE Catherine Archipelago until 1900, the Aleutian Islands comprise some 150 islands in four groups, which are, in order of proximity to the mainland: the Fox, Andreanof, Rat, and Near Islands.
The name probably derives from the Chukchi word aliat, meaning "island." Geographically, the islands separate the Bering Sea from the PACIFIC OCEAN.
They extend in an arc about 1,600 mi (2,560 km) into the Bering Sea off the west coast of ALASKA, to which they belong politically.
Their total area is 6,821 square mi (17,666 square km) and the total population is approximately 12,050.
Geologically, the islands comprise limited sedimentary and metamorphic rocks but are mainly volcanic in origin and are located at the junction between the Pacific and North American tectonic plates.
They are characterized by volcanic peaks representing a continuation of the Aleutian range of mainland Alaska.
Some volcanic peaks remain active, including Makushin on Unalaska and Shishaldin on Unimak, which are the largest islands in the Fox group.
Climatically, the Aleutians are oceanic, with annual temperatures ranging on average from 30 degrees F (-1 degrees C) in January to 52 degrees F (11 degrees C ) in August.
There is a 135-day growing season between May and September and annual rainfall is 80 in (2.03 m) with rain occurring all year with abundant fog.
The natural vegetation is a mixture of Asian and American species comprising dwarf shrubs with grass-, sedge-, and herb-rich meadows in the lowlands and mosses, lichens, and alpine herbs in the uplands.
Most of the islands are within the Aleutian Biosphere Reserve and Wildlife Refuge, which contains a unique mixture of marine birds and mammals.
The islands were colonized at least 8,000 years ago by hunter-gatherers migrating east from Asia when sea levels were considerably lower than today.
The native people, the Ungangans, encountered by European explorers in the 1700s were named Aleuts.
In 1741, the first European arrivals were Vitus Bering, a Danish seafarer in Russian employ, and Alexei Chirikov; they captained separate ships and each discovered different islands.
Bering was shipwrecked and died on what is now called Bering Island in the adjacent Russianowned Komandorski Islands.
Thereafter, Siberian fur trappers established bases as Russia extended its influence in North America, leading to the exploitation of the Aleuts for labor and the large seal and otter populations for furs.
That ended with the transfer of Alaska to the United States in 1867.
Further development came with the discovery of gold in Nome in 1900 and the establishment of Dutch Harbor, Unalaska, as a shipping port.
JAPANESE OCCUPATION During World War II, the Aleutian Islands featured in hostilities between the United States and Japan.
A naval base was constructed at Dutch Harbor in 1942, and following its bombing, the Japanese occupied several islands but were routed in 1943 by U.S.
forces from bases on other islands.
Underground nuclear tests were carried out on Amchitka (Rat group) in the 1960s and early warning radar systems, pointing toward Soviet Russia, were constructed during the height of the Cold War.
Today, sheep and reindeer herding are part of the economy, with some production of market garden commodities.
Hunter-gatherer traditions involving hunting and fishing equipment, including basketry, are maintained by modern-day Aleuts.
Fishing and hunting of seal are overseen by the federal government and only Aleuts are allowed to undertake such activities.
- The seaweed invasion prevents tourists to enjoy the Dominican beaches
"Tourists couldn’t but leave the country due to the experienced inconveniences. Basically, these are the eastern resorts that prevent tourists to enjoy their vacation. The embarrassing seaweed made their staying here simply intolerable. Local travel agencies say that the number of holidaymakers went down up to 95%.
The authorities are trying to deal with a bad luck collecting the weeds around the coastal areas. However, they are still facing a problem and the number of the sea “inhabitants” is still growing. It is stated that it is a priority to clean all the rubbish stored at the beaches, otherwise the country will have no tourists that will bring them no income afterwards.
Scientists report that the mounting pollution may be caused by two reasons. According to the first assumption the seaweed appeared on the Dominican coastlines due to the climate change: the average temperature has considerably increased over recent years. The second theory goes that the hurricane has brought them. "
- Another European railway strike
"The French railway strike is planned on October 8, and Belgium strike will be held the next day.
It is supposed that French train staff will stop working on the evening of October 7 and will resume it by the morning 9 October. The aim of the strike is to attract the attention of the authorities due to the worsened working conditions and also their payment dissatisfaction. To be more precise, the trade unions want to reassure the authorities not to reform the Labor Code and pension payroll system.
Their Belgium colleagues wish to come up with the same requirements. It was also reported that high-speed trains Eurostar will be routed between London and Lille without reaching Brussels due to the strike. Thalys trains connecting Belgium and French capital cities will be canceled. The tourists would better think of an alternative way or choose some other means of transport. "