ACONCAGUA MOUNTAIN LIES west of Mendoza, argentina, entirely within Argentina, and immediately east of Argentina's border with chile.
The mountain is, at 22,834 ft (6,960 m), not only the tallest mountain in the Western Hemisphere, but also the highest outside of Asia.
Its twin peaks, the northern of which is the tallest, can be seen from the coast of Chile 100 mi (162 km) away.
There are different interpretations of the origin of the name Aconcagua.
It may be derived from the native Quechua akun ("summit"), ka ("other"), and agua ("admired" or "feared").
Thus, it is translated from Quechua as a summit that is feared or admired.
Another version is that the name is derived from Arauca roots.
Thus, Aconca-Hue is a Mapuche name for the corresponding Aconcagua River that, from Chile, "comes from the other side." The relatively new mountain was created by subduction of the Nazca plate beneath the South American plate.
Geology of the Aconcagua area can be grouped in three basic time periods: a base that developed before the Jurassic period, Mesozoic sequences, and coverings from the Cenozoic period.
Glaciers on Aconcagua include Lower Horcones Glacier, the Upper Horcones Glacier, the Los Polacos (or Los Relinchos) Glacier (a climbing route), and the Gussfeldt Glacier.
Glaciers on Mount Aconcagua are, owing to more arid conditions, less pronounced than those to the south in Patagonia.
Most of the vegetation and wildlife, because of the aridity and the short growing season at high elevations, are concentrated below 13,123 ft (4,000 m).
Typical vegetation is low-growing brush (steppe) adapted to low temperatures, thin soils, and high winds.
Brush species include lena amarilla, vareta, and cuerno de cabra, with grass species including huecu and coirones.
Wildlife such as the condor, mora eagle, puma, and red fox migrate to lower elevations during winter.
Mountain mice hibernate on site.
Streams harbor chorlos, churrines, and torrent ducks.
Guanacos (similar to llamas) can gather in large groups.
Hares introduced from Europe are plentiful.
Aconcagua Mountain is a provincial park.
It was included in 1983 as part of a network of 10 protected areas of the province of Mendoza.
It is designated as a Protected Wilderness Area, based on its scenic, recreational, cultural, genetic, and biodiversity values.
These areas serve as a reference in relation to similar yet degraded habitats.
General Don Jose de San Martin crossed the Andes near Aconcagua to liberate the Chilean area from the Spanish in 1817.
His army of more than 5,300 men, 9,280 mules, and 1,600 horses crossed at more than 13,123 ft (4,000 m) in elevation.
In 1835, Charles Darwin was one of the first European scientists to collect data about the mountain.
In January 1985, a remarkable discovery was made by Argentine climbers-an Inca cemetery at 17,388 ft (5,300 m) in elevation.
The site included circular stone walls, a mummy, and six statues-three human and three llama figures.
Although the mountain is a large, singular massif, thus nicknamed the "Centinel del Piedra" (Stone Sentinel), various peaks around Aconcagua also surpass 16,404 ft (5,000 m).
- Another European railway strike
"The French railway strike is planned on October 8, and Belgium strike will be held the next day.
It is supposed that French train staff will stop working on the evening of October 7 and will resume it by the morning 9 October. The aim of the strike is to attract the attention of the authorities due to the worsened working conditions and also their payment dissatisfaction. To be more precise, the trade unions want to reassure the authorities not to reform the Labor Code and pension payroll system.
Their Belgium colleagues wish to come up with the same requirements. It was also reported that high-speed trains Eurostar will be routed between London and Lille without reaching Brussels due to the strike. Thalys trains connecting Belgium and French capital cities will be canceled. The tourists would better think of an alternative way or choose some other means of transport. "
- The smog has affected tourists’ plans in Thailand
"Several flights were canceled due to the smoke.
The wildfires are storming around in Indonesia, the smoke of which extends 100 km away. Due to the wind direction smog has covered Phuket and Samui, the Thai’s islands. It is said that the smoke is neither life nor health threatening for tourists. There is no burning smell as well. Nevertheless, the tourists are not recommended to go in for sports outdoors. One of the country’s media centre states that the Phuket Island community has sent an open letter to the authorities of Thailand asking about taking steps on the smog elimination. According to what they say, the south part of the country is covered by the poisonous smoke that can cause development of various diseases among the local population. Also the islanders say that smog crashes the tourists’ plans that they cannot fly out because of the flight cancellation. For instance, only five airplanes that took off from Bangkok flying to Phuket and Samui were asked to make a reverse just in the air because of the low visibility conditions. "